Dachshunds are related to an old German badger-hunting hound (In German, “Dach” means badger and “Hund” means hound). Many years ago, they were bred down to a smaller size so that they could be used to hunt small animals.The Dachshund is a popular pet. Their popularity stems from the appeal of their lively demeanor, winning personality and their adaptability to a variety of living situations.
The Dachshund comes in two sizes, the Standard Dachshund and the Miniature Dachshund and in three coats, the Wirehaired, Longhaired, and Smooth Haired. Although the three varieties share common temperaments, observers say that their personalities differ somewhat. Dachshunds are intelligent and extremely playful dogs and make wonderful additions to any family. Though they may be a bit stubborn as puppies and generally house train slowly, they enjoy training and learn quickly.
They are ideal for apartment living because they do not require much exercise and are very active indoors. They have wonderful personalities, and though they may be a bit reserved around strangers, they usually warm up quickly, even with children. Dachshunds are usually easy to train for show and most really enjoy it. Loyal and always ready to play, Dachshunds’ personalities are as unique as their body shape.
Miniature Dachshunds will measure in between 5 and 9 inches in height and weigh in between 9 and 11 pounds. Their bodies are long and straight, much longer than they are tall. Their legs are short and thick, muscular and stubby. Their narrow heads taper to a pointed nose. The Longhaired Dachshund’s coat is soft and very sleek. Their hairs are wavy and longer under the neck and on its chest. The coloring of the Dachshund’s fur varies from chocolate, gray, black, red and brindle. Tan spots are acceptable as well.
Dachshunds also are free from doggy odor.The Smooth Haired Dachshund was probably the original Dachshund, the Long Haired and Wirehaired came later, as the result of selective breeding or of cross breeding.Longhaired Dachshunds need to be brushed at least every other day to keep their coats healthy and shiny. There are a few health concerns with this breed and they include; intervertebral disc protrusion, Cushing’s syndrome, hypothyroidism, kidney disease, undescended testicles and polyuria (excessive urination caused by kidney disease).
Owners will need to pay special attention to their Dachshund’s ears, which droop and since that can facilitate dampness, fungus and mites are possible. They will need to be cleaned regularly. It is also important to purchase Dachshunds from a reputable breeder, as poorly bred Dachshunds may be ill tempered and prone to dig and scratch excessively.