The favorite dog of British aristocracy in the 17th century, the English Toy Spaniel has a long history as a companion dog.The English Toy Spaniel is a delightful, affectionate little dog. It does well with other animals and gentle children, although some members of the breed can be somewhat timid. Because of its small size and unobtrusive demeanor, the English Toy Spaniel is the ideal pet for apartment living. Unlike other toy breeds, it is not a yappy dog.
However, they will bark when an unfamiliar person approaches, making them okay watchdogs. English Toy Spaniels are very affectionate, even towards strangers. They do well with other animals and children, provided the kids don’t play too roughly. The English Toy Spaniel is intelligent and easy to train, provided training is accompanied by praise.
Most English Toy Spaniels are playful and happy, although some members of the breed are timid. English Toy Spaniels are known as well-behaved dogs, but they can be somewhat mischievous as well. The English Toy Spaniel is not happy when left alone. They are at their finest when surrounded by people. They bond very closely with their owners. It is said the bond is lifelong. The English Toy Spaniel should be protected from extreme temperatures, either hot or cold. They require very little exercise.
The English Toy Spaniel is quite small, reaching about 11 inches in height and weighing between 8 and 14 pounds. They have a long, silky coat, which can be either straight or wavy. There are four varieties of the breed: the Blenheim, with a white coat and chestnut patches; the Prince Charles, with a white, tan and black coat; the King Charles, with a shiny black and mahogany coat; and the Ruby, which is a solid, rich mahogany red. The English Toy Spaniel’s nose is pink at birth and turns black later in life.
English Toy Spaniels were introduced to England in the 17th century, during the reign of King Charles II. Before 1903, the four varieties of Toy Spaniel were shown as separate breeds, although they were permitted to mix for breeding. In 1904, however, the breeds were combined into one, the English Toy Spaniel, which was shown in two different color classes. The King Charles and Ruby varieties were shown together, as were the Prince Charles and Blenheim. The English Toy Spaniel is recognized by the AKC and all other major kennel clubs.
The English Toy Spaniel should be brushed twice a week. They require very little exercise and are content with short walks, although they do enjoy chasing and catching dogs.Some common health problems associated with the English Toy Spaniel include patellar luxation, heart disease, umbilical hernia, ear infections and cataracts.